The radiology department is the specialized department that uses medical imaging to diagnose and treat diseases within the body. Different types of imaging techniques such as X-ray radiography, ultrasound, CT scan Glenfield, and nuclear medicine including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) are used to diagnose or treat diseases. Interventional radiology is the performance of minimally invasive medical processes with the guidance of imaging technologies. 

A centralized radiology department is preferred, where both specialized and basic imaging services are located within a single zone. Adjacencies needed for a centralized imaging department include: 

  • Outpatient registration and clinic areas 
  • The emergency department 
  • The surgical suite
  • Nursing units

Access from Outpatient Areas: Because more imaging sessions are performed on an outpatient basis, critical patients make up a rising majority of imaging procedures. 

Access from the Emergency Department: Emergency patients often require immediate access to many imaging services, especially basic radiography, CT scan appointments, and MRI.  

Functional Zones  

The centralized radiology department has the following activity zones: 

  • Patient Zone 
  • The patient zone includes space for patients before and after their imaging procedures such as CT Scan Radiology. Patients have their first interaction with the imaging department and staff in this area. 
  • Registration and reception should be provided such that clerical personnel can smoothly supervise waiting areas and have easy access to administration areas and patient records. 
  • Examination Zone 
  • The examination zone consists of two primary features: examination or procedure rooms and control areas. Both patients and staff enter the examination room. Patients are strictly limited to the procedure room where CT Scan Radiology and other examinations take place and the patient side of the registration area; they are prohibited in the control area. 
  • The imaging department should be organized such that those procedures that are of short duration and high frequency are located near the waiting zone and the department entrance. This configuration will thus decrease the amount of traffic congestion in the patient corridor.
  • Image-Processing Zone 

  The image-processing zone makes space for three functions: 

  • Image processing, preliminary viewing, and quality control, where the image is processed and reviewed for quality before being sent to the radiologist. 
  • Reporting and consulting, where the radiologist reviews and interprets the CT Scans Appointments image for diagnosis and/or consults with the referring physician or others. 
  • Film sorting and short-term film storage, where active images are piled up, sorted, and stored for archiving.
  • Personnel Zone 
  • The personnel zone includes staff support and office space areas such as lockers, lounges, toilet rooms, and conference spaces.  
  • If staff lounges and conferences are to be shared by other departments as well, these spaces should be located along the perimeter of the department to keep non-departmental traffic away from busy work segments.
  • Long-Term File Zone 

Various regulatory bodies have rules and regulations regarding the length of time inactive films must be retained. Inactive film storage often can be positioned in an area remote from the main department, providing the means of retrieving old films is practical.


To conclude, radiology is the cornerstone of any medical institution. A high-quality, efficient, well-run radiology department increases patient satisfaction as an outcome of its capability to improve patient care. 



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